The braking system has the following functions:
- reducing speeds
- ensure the vehicle stop
- any car you are in a gear and brakes can keep it in place, if needed.
The main brake (hydraulic)
Ordered via the brake pedal, it acts simultaneously on all four wheels vehicle. Pedal moves a piston in the cylinder brake pump and the pressure is transferred through the brake fluid devices located at each wheel:
- Brake discs, pads solidarity fixed on wheels and mobile;
- Brake drums, securely mounted by wheels and on mobile linings.
Parking brake (hand brake)
Also, called “parking brake”. It acts on two wheels, usually on the back with a cable, brake pads or linings so pressed discs or drums, blocking their Anti-lock system (ABS)
The braking system has undergone continuous development, to ensure a larger braking security regardless of the road conditions, speed and other factors.
One of these is ABS CPC. On most vehicles, it contains a computer and a speed sensor on each wheel. If a sudden brake to block the wheel, the system automatically reduces braking pressure, so it will continue to run, with adherence to the ground. In this way, the direction remains operative; the vehicle will not skid and can be controlled.
Indication braking system: when running on very wet roads is recommended brake engaged from time to time to release the brake discs of debris. By centrifugal force is thrown water on the brake discs but remains a thin layer of silicone, rubber debris, grease and dirt, which reduces the braking effect thereof.